Partner States



Gujarat at a Glance



The State took its name from the Gujjars, who ruled the area during the 700’s and 800’s. Gujarat - The Land of the Legends. The Harappa and Mohenjodaro civilization can be known from the archaeological findings at Lothal near Dhandauka in Ahmedabad district and Razdi in Saurashtra.

The climate of Gujarat is moist in the southern districts and dry in the northern region. The Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Cambay reduce the temperature and makes the climate more pleasant.

The average rainfall in Gujarat varies from 33 to 152 cms.As the Tropic of Cancer passes through the northern border of Gujarat, the state has an intensely hot or cold climate.Agriculture in Gujarat forms a vital sector of the state's economy. The most remarkable feature of Gujarat's recent industrial development has been the growth of the dairy industry, much of it is conducted on a cooperative basis.The three important languages of Gujarat are Gujarati, Urdu and Sindhi.

Gujarat also has a rich tradition of high quality weaving, unique Kutch embroidery and hand-block printing, the most common are the tie-and-dye fabrics.

Model District - Gandinagar

Gandhinagar is the state capital of Gujarat and also the headquarters for the district of Gandhinagar.It was organized in 1964. The population of Gandhinagar district is 1,387 478 according to 2011 census density of population being 660 inhabitants per square Kilometer. The decadal growth rate of population was recorded as 12.15% with a literacy rate of 85.78%.

Under the project one large health care facility, 2 medium and 4 small health care facility have been selected in the model district apart from the other 28 health care facilities selected in the state.

State Project Monitoring Unit

Pollution Control Board - Gujarat

The Government of Gujarat constituted the GPCB (Gujarat Pollution Control Board) on 15.10.1974 as per provisions under the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974, with a view to protect the environment, prevent and control the pollution of water in the State of Gujarat, that occupies a prominent niche in progressive and industrial development of the country. The Board has been entrusted with the Central Acts and relevant Rules for pollution control as notified thereof from time to time.



Karnataka at a Glance


Karnataka is located on the south western region of India. It has 30 districts. Karnataka ranks ninth in terms of population in India. Karnataka is one of the fastest growing states in the country. The capital is Bengaluru (Bangalore), near the south-eastern border.Bengaluru is known as the Silicon Valley of Asia due to its flourishing Information Technology industry.

The name Karnataka is derived from the Kannada words karu and nādu, meaning "elevated land". The British used the word Carnatic, sometimes Karnatak, to describe both sides of peninsular India, south of the Krishna

Kannada is spoken by a large majority of the population and is the official language of the state

Agriculture engages the majority of the population. Karnataka is one of the country’s chief sources of coffee.

Karnataka is known as the IT hub of India. Karnataka is also making tremendous progress in Agro & Food processing, Automotive & Aerospace, Education, Machine Tools, Mining & Minerals, Energy and Textile.

Karnataka has a dynamic weather. The state experiences three types of climate: arid, semi-arid and humid tropical. The climate changes from place to place due to the region’s altitude, topography and the distance from the sea.

Model District - Mysore

Mysuru is the third most populous city in the state of Karnataka. It is also the second largest urban agglomeration in Karnataka in population. It is located in the foothills of the Chamundi Hills about 146 km (91 mi) southwest of Bangalore and spread across an area of 152 km2 (59 sq mi). The population is 1,014,227 as of 2017. Mysore City Corporation is responsible for the civic administration of the city, which is also the headquarters of the Mysore district and the Mysore division.

Under the model district apart from one large hospital (Mysore Medical College) three other health care facilities have been identified to be a part of the project. Two Common treatment facilities handle the biomedical waste generated in the district.

State Project Monitoring Unit

Department of Health & Family Welfare

Department of Health & Family Welfare is committed to provide the health services essential at all stages to the population of 6.20 crore in the state of Karnataka , particularly to the poor. The Department is headed by the Principal Secretary Health and Family welfare, and the Commissioner of Health & Family Welfare Services is the administrative head and Director of Health & F W is the technical head. National Health Mission (NHM) is headed by the Mission Director (NHM). Karnataka State AIDS Prevention Society is headed by project director.

These officers are assisted by Additional Directors, Joint Directors, Deputy Directors & Demographer in implementing and monitoring health programmes. The Chief Administrative Officer and Chief Accounts Officers cum Financial Advisers assist in administrative and financial matters of the Department.

At the District level, District Health and Family Welfare Officer is the head of Public Health Services. Implementation and monitoring of various National & State Health Programmes in all below 100 beds health care service institutions which are under ZillaPanchayat Sector are done by the District Health and Family Welfare Officer. He is assisted by

  1. 1. District Reproductive & Child Health Officer
  2. 2. District Programme Management Officer
  3. 3. District TB Officer
  4. 4. District Malaria Officer
  5. 5. District Family Welfare Officer
  6. 6. District Surveillance Officer
  7. 7. District Leprosy Officer (who also oversees Blindness Control Programme).

Above 100 beds healthcare service institutions are under state sector. The District Surgeons of District Hospitals are responsible for providing curative, emergency and promotive services including referral services. Presently 21 District Hospitals are under the control of Health & Family Welfare Department. 176 Taluk Health Officers are positioned at Taluk headquarters. They are the implementing authorities of Public Health, National and State Health Programs in their respective Taluks. The Medical Officers of Health at Primary Health Centre Level are responsible for the implementation of various National and State Health Programs including Family Welfare Programme and Maternal and Child Health Services. To provide Primary Health Care throughout the State, a network of 8871 Sub Centres, 2353 Primary Health Centres, 206 Community Health Centres and 146 Taluk Hospitals have been provided. In order to ensure transparency in transfer of Medical Officers / Staff Govt. has enacted “Karnataka Civil Services (Transfer of Medical Officers and other staff) Act 2011 which has come in to force from 13-05-2011. Necessary Rules have also been framed there under. As per these Rules Medical Officers and other staff is being done once in a year i.e. During April/ May through computerized counselling.

Above 100 beds healthcare service institutions are under state sector. The District Surgeons of District Hospitals are responsible for providing curative, emergency and promotive services including referral services. Presently 21 District Hospitals are under the control of Health & Family Welfare Department. 176 Taluk Health Officers are positioned at Taluk headquarters. They are the implementing authorities of Public Health, National and State Health Programs in their respective Taluks. The Medical Officers of Health at Primary Health Centre Level are responsible for the implementation of various National and State Health Programs including Family Welfare Programme and Maternal and Child Health Services. To provide Primary Health Care throughout the State, a network of 8871 Sub Centres, 2353 Primary Health Centres, 206 Community Health Centres and 146 Taluk Hospitals have been provided. In order to ensure transparency in transfer of Medical Officers / Staff Govt. has enacted “Karnataka Civil Services (Transfer of Medical Officers and other staff) Act 2011 which has come in to force from 13-05-2011. Necessary Rules have also been framed there under. As per these Rules Medical Officers and other staff is being done once in a year i.e. During April/ May through computerized counselling.

Health and Family Welfare department was responsible for implementation of Rural Health component of Minimum Needs Programme, National Health Mission (NHM), National Leprosy Eradication Programme, Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme, National Programme for Control of Blindness, National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme (NVBDCP), National Guinea Worm Eradication Programme, Prevention and control of Communicable Diseases like Diarrhea, Kysanur Forest Diseases, National Iodine Deficiency Disorder Control Programme and AIDS Prevention Programme.

Important National and State Health Programmes: The Department of Health and Family Welfare Services implements various National and State Health programs of Public Health importance and also provides comprehensive Health Care Services to the people of the State through various Health and Medical Institutions. Progress of implementation of Major Programmes are as follows:

  1. Immunization Programme,
  2. National Leprosy Eradication Programme,
  3. Karnataka State AIDS Prevention Society,
  4. Revised National Tuberculosis control programme (RNTCP),
  5. National programme for control of blindness,
  6. National Vector Borne Diseases Control Programme (NVBDCP),
  7. Reproductive and Child Health Programmes,
  8. Pre-Conception and Pre-natal Diagnostic Techniques Programmes.

Karnataka state is one of the pioneer states in the country in providing comprehensive public health services to its people. Even before the concept of Primary Health Centers was conceived by the government of India, the state had already made a beginning in establishing a number of PHU's for providing comprehensive Health Care, and a delivery system consisting of curative, preventive, promotive and rehabilitation health care, to the people of the state. "HEALTH" is an asset to every person in the state.



Maharashtra at a Glance


Maharashtra is one of the most industrialized states of India, it occupies the western and central parts of the country and extends over the Sahyadri mountains; a vast stretch of 720 kilometers of the Arabian sea coast providing it a beautiful backdrop. The Maharashtrians are known for their special dance forms which accompanies most festivals of the state. The people of Maharashtra perform a special type of dance known as Lavani in any gatherings like social, political and religious. Many social functions never miss the Povadas dance which mainly depicts the history of the Maratha ruler, Shri Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj.

The staple food of the Mahrashtrians is a dish called as bhakri,which includes cooked vegetables, dal and rice.

Though the people and the state of Maharashtra are highly industrialized, agriculture still seems to be the mainstay of the Maharashtrians. The capital of Maharashtra is Mumbai. It has 36 districts. The languages spoken are Marathi, Hindi and English.

Maharashtra has typical monsoon climate, with hot, rainy and cold weather seasons. Tropical conditions prevail all over the state, and even the hill stations are not that cold. Temperature varies between 12°C-34°C during this season.

Model District - Nashik

Nashik district is the third largest district in Maharashtra in terms of Population of 6,109,052 and area occupying an area of 15,582 square kilometres in the north Maharashrta region. According to the 2011 census Nashik district has a population of 6,109,052. Nashik has a sex ratio of 931 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 80.96%. The district is 75.64% urban as of 2007.

Under the project one large health care facility, 2 medium and 4 small health care facility have been selected in the model district apart from the other 28 health care facilities selected in the state.

State Project Monitoring Unit

Pollution Control Board - Maharashtra

Maharashtra Pollution Control Board (MPCB) is implementing various environmental legislations in the state of Maharashtra, mainly including Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974, Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981, Water (Cess) Act, 1977 and some of the provisions under Environmental (Protection) Act, 1986 and the rules framed there under like, Biomedical Waste (M&H) Rules, 1998, Hazardous Waste (M&H) Rules, 2000, Municipal Solid Waste Rules, 2000 etc. MPCB is functioning under the administrative control of Environment Department of Government of Maharashtra.



Odisha at a Glance


Odisha, located in the eastern coast of India is a state with immense potential in natural resources owing to its fertile land and rich mineral resources like coal, iron and bauxite. The state is touched by the Bay of Bengal in the east; Chhatisgarh in the west and Andhra Pradesh in the south. It has an area of 155,707 square kms. And a coast line of about 500 kms. The State comprises of 3 revenue divisions, 30 districts, 314 blocks, 6234 gram panchayats and 51,349 villages. Nearly 85% of its population live in the rural areas depending mostly on agriculture and allied activities for their livelihood. However, with more than 45% of its population living below the poverty line, Odisha presents a paradox when we compare its natural, mineral and human resources with its socio-economic and political status.

It is the 9th largest state by area, and the 11th largest by population. It is also the 3rd most populous state of India in terms of tribal population. The majority (over 94%) of people in the state of Odisha are Hindu and there is also a rich cultural heritage in the state.

Odia (formerly known as Oriya) is the official and most widely spoken language, spoken by 33.2 million according to the 2001 Census. The state capital is Bhubaneswar. The term "Odisha" is derived from the ancient Prakrit word "OddaVisaya". The state experiences four meteorological seasons: winter (January to February), pre-monsoon season (March to May), south-west monsoon season (June to September) and north east monsoon season (October–December).

According to a Forest Survey of India report released in 2012, Odisha has 48,903 km2 of forests which cover 31.41% of the state's total area.Due to the climate and good rainfall, Odisha's evergreen and moist forests are suitable habitats for wild orchids. Around 130 species have been reported from the state.

Model District - Sambalpur

Sambalpur District has been selected has the Model District under UNDIO Project. The District has 3 sub divisions namely Sambalpur, Kuchinda and Rairakhol. There are 9 Tahasils, 9 Blocks, 1349 Revenue Villages and 136 Gram panchayats functioning in the District. Total population of the District as per 2011 census is 10, 41,099. Odisha has a total of 1751 Government & 1353 Private Health Care Establishments from which Sambalpur district has 148 HCEs of which 52 are Government Health Care Establishments and 96 private Health Care Establishments i.e. 4.76 %.

The health care establishment in the Model District Sambalpur generate on an average of 94.22 kg/day of yellow waste, 86.45kg/day of Red Waste, 18.425 kg/day of White and 77.784 kg/day of Blue waste. From the data it is found that Government HCEs are the major generator of Biomedical Waste generating about 83.57% and Private HCEs (bedded and non-bedded) generate up to 16.42% of Biomedical Waste per day.

State Project Monitoring Unit

Pollution Control Board - Odisha

The Odisha State Prevention and Control of Pollution Board was constituted in pursuance to subsection (1) of Section- 4 of the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Amendment Act, 1974, vide Notification No.1481-VII-HI-11/83 (Vol. II)-S.T.E., dated 15.07.1983 after the Odisha Legislative Assembly adopted the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 and Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981. The Board was re-designated as State Pollution Control Board, Odisha vide Notification No. Env-E(F)/8/99/1882 F&E, dated 16.07.1999 of the Forest and Environment Department, Govt. of Odisha. The functions of the Board is clearly defined in the Water and Air Acts and can be broadly classified into 3 main categories viz. (i) Enforcement, (ii) Advisory & (iii) Monitoring , research, creation of public awareness and facilitator.



Punjab at a Glance


The first known documentation of the word 'Punjab' is in the writings of Ibn Batuta, who visited the region in the fourteenth century. However, the first mentioning of Sanskrit equivalent of 'Punjab' occurs in the great epic, the Mahabharata, where it is described as pancha-nada. The Punjab (compound of two Persian words Panj (five) and āb (water)) literally means "The Land of Five Waters" referring to the rivers: Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Sutlej, and Beas. Punjab is a geographical and cultural region in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, comprising areas of eastern Pakistan and northern India. The people of the Punjab today are called Punjabis and their principal language is called Punjabi. The different religions of the Punjab region are Sikhism, Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Jainism and Buddhism.

While the Punjabis are known for their strong determination, their culture presents a multi-hued heritage of ancient civilizations.

The state of Punjab in India is made up of 22 districts. Chandigarh is the capital of the State. The area of Punjab can be divided into following three regions :

  • Malwa
  • Majha
  • Doaba

Punjabi cuisine has become world-leader in the field; so much so that many entrepreneurs who invested in the sector have built large personal fortunes due to its popularity. "Sarso ka saag" and "Makki di roti" are examples of well-known and very famous dishes. Their legendary warmth and hospitality assures that anyone who passes through this land will return well fed. In deed, the tradition of langar (community kitchen) came from the belief that food is central to communal bonding. It has since been a remarkable feature of all Gurudwaras, wherein devotees of all faiths are served free meals.

Model District - Ludhiana

Ludhiana is a centrally located city of Punjab, which is on the Grand Trunk Road. According to census of 2011, Ludhiana district has a population of 3,498,739, with a decadal growth rate of 15 % and a literacy rate of 82.2%. Biomedical waste is handled by Common treatment facilities situated in the district.

Under the project one large health care facility, 2 medium and 4 small health care facility have been selected in the model district apart from the other 28 health care facilities selected in the state.

State Project Monitoring Unit

Pollution Control Board - Punjab

The Punjab Pollution Control Board was constituted in the year 1975, after the enactment of Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 to preserve the wholesomeness of water. Subsequently, with the enactment of other environmental laws the responsibility to implement the provisions of such laws was also entrusted to the Punjab Pollution Control Board in the State of Punjab. Punjab Pollution Control Board has been entrusted the task of implementation of environmental laws in the State of Punjab.

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